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Wills - William Compson of Feetham,

Near Crackpot Swaledale 1624 and 1630

Will 1 File in North Yorkshire County Record Office

In the name of God Amen I Mabbill Bilton of Feetham being sick of bodie but of good and perfect remembrance praised be god do make and ordaine this my last will and testament in forme and manner following first I give and bequeath my soul into the hands of God that made me hoping and trusting by the merits and passion of Christ Jesus that I shall be saved at the last day and my bodie to be buried in this our parish church yard at the discretion of my friends.  


Item 1 gave to my daughter Sicil Bilton six pounds which is in the hands of Antonie Maxan of Leermin and fortie shillings which is in the hands of Mr Milner of Will.


Item 1 give unto my daughter Ann Simpson three and twentie shillings which is in the hands of James Buckle of Applebee.


Item 1 give and Bequeath unto Nicholas Simpson my son in law his children vizt, to Ellin, Antonie and Susan, five pounds four shillings which is in the hands of William Compson of Feetham aforesaid to be equallie divided amongst them upon they come to the full and perfect age of one and twentie years.


And the said to remain in the hands of Anthonie Maxan of Leermin aforesaid and the .. it yearly to be to Nicholas Simpson their father toward their relief and maintenance.


Item 1 give and bequeath unto Antonie Maxan the sole executor of this my last will and testament fifteen yards of harden cloths.


Item 1 give unto Nicholas Simpson my son in law twentie shillings which is in the hands of Thomas Adamson of Morton upon Swaile in full satisfaction and of his wives compascion? witnessed as .... of ....Henrie Davrill and Anthonie Maxan have set their hands this 15th day of Aprill Anno Domi 1624


I am grateful to Rupert Featherby for sending me this will.

Will 2 Inventory 2 Ref no. RD/AP1/44/104

Will of Thomas Hutchinson of Skelton Marske

Date proven 1630


Value £64 9s 3d


No will survives only an inventory.  There appears to be a mistake in the addition of the Inventory.


'Debts owed by the deceased


William Compson              £2 15 s

'Feetham and Low Row together make up one discontinuous line of settlement extending for almost 2km along the main Swaledale road. Neither can really be described as a village. Only a few properties, notably towards the east end of Low Row, actually front onto the road. Others are set further from it, those above the road often beyond an area of sloping green. The road itself has no pavements, and cannot be safely walked.


Many of the more interesting houses are on the south, set below the road - at one time there was an earlier road that ran nearer the river. This is not

an area well served by footpaths, and so, apart from bird’s-eye glimpses of their stone slate roofs, the houses remain largely hidden to the general public.

Some long-distance glimpses are available from footpaths on the opposite side of the valley.


The buildings of Feetham are by and large very typical of Swaledale. The earliest are houses of the 17th century, and show the usual features -

triangular-headed doorways (often helpfully dated on their lintels), mullioned windows, and small fire windows alongside the hearth. Heather thatch seems to have been universal at a vernacular level until the later 18th/19th century when almost all buildings had their eaves raised and were re-roofed

in flagstones. Occasional buildings - the Punchbowl Inn is a good example - still show the outline of a steep heather-thatched gable in one end wall.


Apart from the Punchbowl

(which only seems to have been a public house from the later 19th century) Feetham has no public

buildings, other than the parish church, which was built as a chapel to Grinton in 1840, until Melbecks parish was created in 1892. The majority of the

parishioners doubtless remained Dissenters. Nonconformity is much more in evidence in Low Row, a short walk to the west. The Wesleyan Church closed within the last few years. The Congregational Church has a preaching box dating to 1806,

remodelled in 1874.


Tucked away in the woodland below the road, are houses that reflect the growing prosperity of the area in the 18th century, for example Paradise with its knitting workshops - a rare Northern Dales example of a building type more familiar in West Yorkshire - and Gorton Lodge and Farmhouse.


For a more detailed discussion of nonconformity in the Dales see the essay titled ‘Places of Worship’ in the Themes/Religion section of the website Both Melbecks and Grinton parishes also contain important

archaeological remains'.



Glossary of words relating to Yorkshire Dales buildings.



A characteristic moulded surround to a doorway or window typical of the 18th century.



Good quality cut stone with a smoothly-tooled surface.


Basket arched doorway

A square-headed doorway, but with the angles of the head curved.



Elevations can usually be divided into a series bays on the basis of their architectural features - a bay might contain one window on each floor

level. If referring to a timber-framed building, or a roof structure, the bay would be the section

between each pair of posts, or between each tie-beam and set of principal rafters.


Chamfered mullioned windows

Windows with stone mullions in which the surround and edges of the mullion are chamfered.


Fire window

A small window at one end of the front wall of a house, lighting the side of the hearth.



The block at the head of the jamb of an opening from which the head or arch springs.



A keystone is the central stone of the head of an opening, usually but not always arched. It is sometimes emphasised by its face standing

proud of the others, and usually of a wedge shape.


Moulded string

A horizontal course projecting from the wall face, carrying some form of moulding.


Mullioned window

A window divided into a series of lights by vertical stone mullions.



A rectangular column, often attached to a wall.


Rusticated quoins

Quoins, usually of ashlar, in which the edges of the individual blocks are bevelled or chamfered. Typical of good-quality Classical buildings of the 17th century onwards.



The easternmost part of the chancel of a church, containing the altar.



Heraldic device in the form of a St Andrew’s Cross



The space between the shoulder of an arch and its surrounding framework


Through stones

A typical feature of vernacular building in the Dales, in which large roughly-shaped slabs, laid

horizontally in the wall (and serving to bond the walling) extend through its full thickness and project a little from the wall face as well.


Private Spaces Public Places Village Heritage Project


Crackpot Hall from a selection of stunning photos to be found at

Feetham, photo with permission of Christine Amsden