Glossary of words relating to Yorkshire Dales buildings.
A characteristic moulded surround to a doorway or window typical of the 18th century.
Good quality cut stone with a smoothly-tooled surface.
Basket arched doorway
A square-headed doorway, but with the angles of the head curved.
Elevations can usually be divided into a series bays on the basis of their architectural features - a bay might contain one window on each floor
level. If referring to a timber-framed building, or a roof structure, the bay would be the section
between each pair of posts, or between each tie-beam and set of principal rafters.
Chamfered mullioned windows
Windows with stone mullions in which the surround and edges of the mullion are chamfered.
A small window at one end of the front wall of a house, lighting the side of the hearth.
The block at the head of the jamb of an opening from which the head or arch springs.
A keystone is the central stone of the head of an opening, usually but not always arched. It is sometimes emphasised by its face standing
proud of the others, and usually of a wedge shape.
A horizontal course projecting from the wall face, carrying some form of moulding.
A window divided into a series of lights by vertical stone mullions.
A rectangular column, often attached to a wall.
Quoins, usually of ashlar, in which the edges of the individual blocks are bevelled or chamfered. Typical of good-quality Classical buildings of the 17th century onwards.
The easternmost part of the chancel of a church, containing the altar.
Heraldic device in the form of a St Andrew’s Cross
The space between the shoulder of an arch and its surrounding framework
A typical feature of vernacular building in the Dales, in which large roughly-shaped slabs, laid
horizontally in the wall (and serving to bond the walling) extend through its full thickness and project a little from the wall face as well.
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