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CANADA description

A number of people from the UK emigrated to Canada and they have their own pages UNDER THEIR PROVINCE:

William & Edward CUMPSTON
Wales to Manitoba

William & Letissia CUMPSTON
Ontario ex Ireland

Catharine COMPSTON Alberta

Edward L COMPSTON. Montreal, Quebec


from Barton Hall Penrith Cumberland to Manitoba and his son

The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world's second-largest country by area. There are ten provinces and three territories. The major difference between a Canadian province and a territory is that provinces are jurisdictions that receive their power and authority directly from the Constitution Act, 1867, whereas territories derive their mandates and powers from the federal government. In modern Canadian constitutional theory, the provinces are considered to be co-sovereign divisions, and each province has its own "Crown" represented by the lieutenant-governor, whereas the territories are not sovereign, but simply parts of the federal realm, and have a commissioner.
The ten provinces are Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan.

The three territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.

Unlike the provinces, the territories of Canada have no inherent jurisdiction and have only those powers delegated to them by the federal government. They include all of mainland Canada north of latitude 60° north and west of Hudson Bay, as well as essentially all islands north of the Canadian mainland (from those in James Bay to the Canadian Arctic islands). The following table lists the territories in order of precedence (each province has precedence over all the territories, regardless of the date each territory was created).

Territory Postal abbreviation Capital/ largest city Entered Confederation
Northwest Territories NT Yellowknife July 15, 1870
Yukon YT Whitehorse June 13, 1898
Nunavut NU Iqaluit April 1, 1999

Capital Abbreviation Largest city Entered Confederation

Ontario ON Toronto July 1, 1867
Quebec QC Quebec City July 1, 1867
Nova Scotia NS Halifax July 1, 1867
New Brunswick NB Fredericton July 1, 1867
Manitoba MB Winnipeg July 15, 1870
British Columbia BC Victoria July 20, 1871
Prince Edward Island PE Charlottetown July 1, 1873
Saskatchewan SK Regina September 1, 1905
Alberta AB Edmonton September 1, 1905
Newfoundland and Labrador NL St. John's  March 31, 1949

Prior to Confederation, Ontario and Quebec formed the Province of Canada.
British Columbia, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island were separate colonies before joining Canada.

Manitoba was created simultaneously with the Northwest Territories.
Saskatchewan and Alberta were created out of land that had been part of the Northwest Territories.

Newfoundland was an independent Dominion within the British Commonwealth prior to joining Canada. British legislation transferred Labrador from Lower Canada to Newfoundland in 1809, but the location of the Labrador boundary was disputed until 1927. The official name of the province changed from Newfoundland to Newfoundland and Labrador by constitutional amendment on December 6, 2001.

With the exception of Fredericton, the provincial capitals are all either the largest or second-largest cities in their respective provinces (Fredericton is the third largest city in New Brunswick after Moncton and Saint John).

You can read more about the history of Canada at

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