Cumpston Research

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In 1807 The Abolition of Slave Trade Act came into force. The act made the trade in slaves from Africa to the British colonies illegal. To combat illicit transportation following this act many of the British Colonies began keeping registers of black slaves who had been so-called “lawfully enslaved”. In 1819 the Office for the Registry of Colonial Slaves was established in London and copies of the slave registers kept by the colonies were sent to this office. Registration generally occurred once every three years. The registers continue through to 1834 when slavery was officially abolished.

This database contains the slave registers for the following colonies and years:

Antigua (1817-1818, 1821, 1824, 1828, 1832)

Bahamas (1822, 1825, 1828, 1831, 1834)

Barbados (1817, 1820, 1823, 1826, 1829, 1832, 1834)

Berbice (1818-1819, 1822)

Dominica (1817, 1820, 1823)

Grenada (1817-1834)

Honduras (1834)

Jamaica (1817, 1820, 1823, 1826, 1829, 1832, 1834)

Mauritius (1817, 1819, 1822, 1826, 1830, 1832, 1835)
Nevis (1817, 1822, 1825, 1828, 1831)

Sri Lanka (Ceylon) (1818-1832)

St Christopher (1817, 1822, 1825, 1827-1828, 1831, 1834)

St Lucia (1815, 1819)

St Vincent (1817, 1822, 1825, 1828, 1831, 1834)

Tobago (1819-1834)

Trinidad (1813, 1815-1816, 1819, 1822, 1825, 1828, 1831, 1834)

Virgin Islands (1818, 1822, 1825, 1828, 1831, 1834)

The following colonies are not included in this collection but can be viewed in paper form at The National Archives:
Jamaica (pieces 193, 206-208)

St Christopher (pieces 261-263)

Grenada (piece 264, 266)

Dominica (pieces 359-363)

Nevis (piece 369)

St Lucia (pieces 382-390)

Demerara (pieces 391-436)

Berbice (pieces 441-446)

Montserrat (pieces 447-451)

Bermuda (pieces 452-455)

St Vincent (pieces 494, 496)

Mauritius (piece 566, 571)

Cape of Good Hope (pieces 652-662)

Information available on these records includes:
Name of owner

Place of residence (usually name of parish)

Name of slave (usually only a given name. If the slave had been baptized this may include the slave name and the Christian name)

Gender of slave

Age of slave

Nationality of slave

Slave registers

Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834
Name: John Cumpston
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1828 Age: 4 Nationality: Creole Gender: Male
Parish: St Mary (2) Colonial Dependency: Jamaica Owner Name: Charles Nathaniel Bayly Esquire Record Date: 1832


Bryan Castle Estate was settled in 1793 by Bryan Edwards, Esq., and afterwards became, by purchase, the property of the late Alexander Donaldson, Esq., and is now in the possession of Alexander Grant, John Meek, and Joseph Green, Esqrs., trustees nominated by his will. The property contains 1402 acres of land, 300 of which are in canes, 600 in pasture and pimento, and the remainder in negro and provision grounds. The crops have averaged, during the last twelve years, 300 hogsheads of sugars, with the usual proportion of rum, and in good seasons 300 bags of pimento. On the estate are 165 negroes, the extra labour being made up by jobbing. This estate is pleasantly situated within three miles of Rio Bueno, the nearest shipping port, to which there is a good road; it is like the generality of sea-side estates, subject to frequent droughts, but in good seasons is very productive. The works are on an extensive scale, and in high preservation; and at the distance of half-a-mile from them is the Great or Mansion House, represented in the annexed view. Above stairs is the Study, where the original founder of the estate compiled his much esteemed work, and his books and furniture are still preserved there.
Bryan Edwards, the very able and accurate historian of the West Indies, was born May 20, 1743, at Westbury, in Wiltshire. His father inherited a small paternal estate in the neighbourhood, and died in 1756, leaving a widow and six children, of whom Bryan was the eldest.

Mrs. Edwards had two opulent brothers in the West Indies, one of them a wise and worthy man, of a liberal mind and princely fortune. This was Zachary Bayly, Esq. of this island, of whom some further account is given in the description of the estates in St. Mary’s, now the property of his nephew Charles Nathaniel Bayly, Esq.

Mr. Bayly took the family under his protection, and directed that no expense should be spared in their education.

In 1759 a younger and only brother of his uncle came to reside in England, where he was successively Member of Parliament for Abingdon and for his native town. This gentleman, at the end of the same year, sent his nephew to Jamaica, where he resided with his uncle, and continued his classical studies under a Mr. Teale, with unabating assiduity.
In 1773 Mr. Edwards was left heir to the great property of a Mr. Hume, of Jamaica, became an opulent merchant, returned to England, and in 1796 took his seat in Parliament for the Borough of Grampound. He represented that place till his death, which happened at his house, Polygon, near Southampton, July 15, 1800. His first publication was a pamphlet entitled, “Thoughts on the Proceedings of Government respecting the Trade of the West India Islands with the United States of America,” 1784. This was followed by “A Speech delivered by him at a Free Conference between the Council and Assembly at Jamaica, held on the 25th November 1789, on the subject of Mr. Wilberforce’s Propositions to the House of Commons concerning the Slave Trade.” But his distinguished performance is his “History, Civil and Commercial, of the British Colonies in the West Indies,” 1793, 2 vols. 4to. a work of very superior merit, and of the highest authority, particularly in the commercial part. To a new edition of this work, published in 1801, 3 vols. 8vo., is prefixed a short Memoir of his early Life, written by himself. In 1796 Mr. Edwards published “The Proceedings of the Governor and Assembly of Jamaica in regard to the Maroon Negroes,” 8vo. In all these works Mr. Edwards’ style is easy and elegant, and many of his remarks highly valuable, as the result of long experience and observation.

Cambridge University Alumni, 1261-1900 about Charles Nathaniel. Bayly
Name: Charles Nathaniel. Bayly
College: TRINITY
Entered: Lent, 1796
Died: 14 Dec 1853
More Information: Adm. pens. (age 17) at TRINITY, June 17, 1794. S. of Nathaniel, of Hanwell, Middlesex [sometime of Jamaica]. School, Westminster. Elected scholar, 1795 (but not admitted on account of his refusal to take the statutable oath). Matric. Lent, 1796; B.A. 1798. Adm. at the Inner Temple, June 26, 1792. Called to the Bar, 1798. Never practised in England. Married Lady Sarah Villiers, dau. of George, Earl of Jersey, Sept. 12, 1799. Died Dec. 14, 1853. (Record of Old Westminsters.)

1841 England Census Name: Charles Bayly Age: 65 Estimated Birth Year: abt 1776 Gender: Male Where born: Middlesex, England
Civil Parish: Hampton Hundred: Spelthorne County/Island: Middlesex
Country: England Registration District: Kingston Sub-registration District: Hampton Piece: 718 Book: 5 Folio: 29 Page Number: 9
Household Members:
Name Age
Charles Bayly 65
Lady Sarah Bayly 60
Georgiana Bayly 30
Charles Bayly 30

1851 England Census
Name: Charles N Bayly Age: 75 Estimated Birth Year: abt 1776
Relation: Head Spouse's Name: Sarah Bayly
Gender: M (Male) Where born: Hanwell, Middlesex, England
Civil Parish: Hampton County/Island: Middlesex Country: England
Address Hampton Court Palace
Registration District: Kingston Sub-registration District: Esher ED, institution, or vessel: 1d Household Schedule Number: 39 Piece: 1604 Folio: 335 Page Number: 8
Household Members:
Name Age
Charles N Bayly 75 Gent
Sarah Bayly 71
Georgiana Allen 38 daughter widow
Charles Allen 8
Clement Allen 7
Jessie Allen 5
Hannah Meadows 56
Sarah Edwards 35
Matilda Towns 21
Ellen Verral 10
George Edwards 19

It is interesting to see that in the Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834 is a slave names Nathaniel Bayly owned by Charles.
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1787 Age: 30 Nationality: Creole Gender: Male
Parish: St Mary Colonial Dependency: Jamaica Owner Name: Charles Nathaniel Bayly Esquire Record Date: 1817

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