Cumpston Research

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Watson Cumpston death cert Trinity House Hull lloyds ship Voilier withernsea pier

Scotland - births christenings and census

 1871 UK Census


View Record Name Parent or Spouse Names Estimated Birth Year Birthplace Relation Civil parish County


 Charles Cumpston James, Julia abt 1860 Blasyre, Lanarkshire Son Cambuslang Lanarkshire

These are the earliest entries I have found in Scotland, but they are few and far between

at this time:


WILLIAM CUMSON  Christening: 17 AUG 1683 Kettins, Angus, Scotland son of Francis and Jean Smythe


Margaret Kumson - Christening: 02 DEC 1685 Dysart, Fife, Scotland daughter of Robert and Isobel


ALEXANDER CUMSON  Christening: 20 OCT 1695 Hamilton, Lanark, Scotland son of Alexander and Elizabeth Hamilton


Some census returns


1841 Albion St    Glasgow 644/1 Glasgow Cumpston Jean age 20 census

1841 Gorbals 646 Glasgow Compston Ann age 20 census 1841 born England

1841 Gorbals 646 Glasgow Compston Arthur age 12 census born 1829 Lanarkshire


1841 Gorbals 646 Glasgow Compston Janet age 9 census born 1832 Lanarkshire

1841 Gorbals 646 Glasgow Compston John age 40 census born 1801 Ireland

1841 Gorbals 646 Glasgow Compston John age 8 census born 1833 Lanarkshire

1841 Gorbals 646 Glasgow Compston Joseph age 15  census born 1826 Lanarkshire


1841 Colinton 677 Colinton Midlothian Compston Marion age 17 census born Scotland

1841 St Mary Edinburgh 685/1 Edinburgh Cumsden Beatrice age 20 census born 1821

Maxwell's Guide Book to the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright

from the Nith to the Cree.

Published Castle Douglas & Kirkcudbright,



History narrates that at Cumpston Castle (a fine old ruin) Montgomery, the poet, who lived there, composed ‘The Cherry and the Slae,’ in which the following lines are given as descriptive of the flooded river Dee as seen from the old bridge at Tongland


“But as I looked me alane,

I saw a river rin

Out o’er a steepie rock of stane,

Sine lichted in a lin,

With tumbling and rumbling

Amang the rocks round,

Devalling and falling

Into a pit profound.”


Although there is a Cumpston Castle in Scotland, there is no evidence of any Cumpstons living there.



"The parish is about eight miles in length from north to south, and varies in breadth from three miles to a half-a mile. It is separated from the parishes of Kirkcudbright and Kelton on the east, by the Dee; from the parish of Twynholm on the west, for two miles, by the Tarff; and on the upper part by two beautiful mountain lochs called Trostree and Culcagrie. The northern boundary is the parish of Balmaghie, from which it is not distinguished by any natural limit, except for half-a mile by a loch called Bargatton...

...Of the two rivers which form the western and eastern boundary, the Tarff is by much the smaller; it has its rise in Loch Whynnion, about fourteen miles from the sea, and after pursuing a very winding course, and presenting a a great variety of channel, it joins the Dee at Cumpston Castle. It is a beautiful, limpid stream, abounding with yellow trout, salmon trout, herling, and occasionally with salmon. In the middle of its course there is a water fall, or rather a succession of waterfalls, called the Linn of Lairdmannoch, between fifty and sixty feet in height, which can be seen from a single point of view, and, when the stream is swollen, forms as picturesque an object as any thing of the kind can be imagined...

...In spring a good many fish are captured with the rod, to which all the men employed in the fishery devote most of their spare time...

...As an illustration of the excellent diversion sometimes had on the Dee, I may mention, that, some years ago, I took, with a small trout fly, a finely-grown newly run salmon, which weighed 14 pounds. My line consisted of three horse hairs, and single gut. The fly was composed of the red part of the partridge-tail feather, a red hackle, and a black worsted body, without tinsel of any kind...

There is a port at Tongland bridge to which sloops of 30 or 40 tons come regularly, occasionally a small brig imports lime, coal, and bone manure. Exports grain, potatoes, and timber. The lime and coals are brought from Cumberland, the bone manure from Liverpool and Ireland...

The large cattle are all of the Galloway Breed, with the exception of those on three or four farms, where the Ayrshire kind have been introduced, with a view to the dairy system..."

(Rev. Dugald Stewart Williamson, Minister) New Statistical Account, Blackwood


Compston, the residence of Mr. Maitland, is a handsome house, built by the late proprietor, and finely situated in a demesne embellished with stately timber. The village, which is situated on the great road from Carlisle to Portpatrick, is spacious and well built: the inhabitants, with the exception of a small number employed in the various handicraft trades requisite for the supply of the neighbourhood, are engaged in agricultural and pastoral pursuits. There are a mill for carding and spinning wool, and, on the same premises, a mill for dressing flax, both for the farmers, who work it up at their own houses for domestic use. Facility of communication is maintained by the turnpike-road to Portpatrick, which passes through the centre of the parish, and by statute roads kept in good repair. There is a ferry across the Dee to Kirkcudbright; and that river, which is navigable to Tongland bridge, affords ample means of procuring supplies of coal and lime, and of conveying the agricultural produce to Liverpool and other markets. The ecclesiastical affairs are under the superintendence of the presbytery of Kirkcudbright and synod of Galloway. The minister's stipend is £225. 11. 1., with a manse, and a glebe valued at £40 per annum; patron, the Earl of Selkirk. The church, erected in 1818, is a neat structure in the early English style of architecture; it is situated nearly in the centre of the parish, and contains 410 sittings. The parochial school is attended by about 100 children, the master has a salary of £34. 4. 4., with a house and garden, and the fees average £15 per annum. There is a female school at Doon, in the south of the parish, for which a house was built by the Earl of Selkirk, who pays the teacher's salary. Remains exist of several British forts, near one of which, in a tumulus, was found a stone coffin containing human bones, some coins, and an instrument resembling a hammer. There are also some slight remains of the ancient castle of Compston, consisting of three of the walls of the tower, in a very ruinous condition. Of the nunnery that formerly existed in the south part of the parish, the only memorial is preserved in the names of the farms of High and Low Nunton, with that of a mill adjoining them, still called Nunmill. The poet Montgomery once resided at Compston.From: 'Tweeddale - Tyrie', A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (1846), pp. 567-571. URL:

1851 Census Glasgow, Lanark,, Parish 493, Civil Parish Bonhill, Town Alexandria, County Dunbartonshire, Address Wilson Land Alexander Street.  

William CUMPSTAY 26 years

Frances CUMPSTAY 23 years

Edward CUMPSTAY 2 years

Jesse CUMPSTAY 1 year

together with a CHRISTIE family and Peter Wardrope.

There is a Coat of Arms for David Maitland Esquire, Justice of the Peace and Deputy Lieutenant.  Born July 5 1848, being the eldest son of the late Stuart Cairns Maitland of Compstone and Dundrennan.


1821 Old Luce Wigtown C118945 Old Luce Wigtown Comston Mary daughter of William Cumpston and Janet Beatie Christened IGI 6 May 1831


HELEN CUMPSTON Birth: 14 AUG 1862 Anderston, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland daughter of John and Andrew Grew


John Compston Birth: 08 SEP 1832 Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland


ARTHUR COMPSTON Birth: 13 JAN 1873 Cathcart, Renfrew, Scotland son of John and Isabella Stuart


ROSE CUMSTON Birth: 03 NOV 1871 Middle-East-West Parishes, Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland daughter of Thomas and Sarah Livingstone


HELLEN CUMSON  Birth: 02 AUG 1871 Middle-East-West Parishes, Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland daughter of John and Helen McCanna


JAMES CUMSTON Birth: 01 OCT 1872 Middle-East-West Parishes, Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland son of John and Catherine Docherty


PATRICK CUMSTON Birth: 12 SEP 1874 Middle Or New Parish, Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland


ALICE CUMSON Birth: 08 APR 1873 Middle-East-West Parishes, Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland


SARAH CUMSON Birth: 25 JAN 1872 Middle-East-West Parishes, Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland


JANET MCMASTER COMPSTON  Christening: 14 JUN 1814 Inch, Wigtown, Scotland


WILLIAM COMPSTON Christening: 04 JAN 1820 Inch, Wigtown, Scotland


MARY COMSTON Christening: 06 MAY 1821 Old Luce, Wigtown, Scotland


1875 8 East Blackhall St Greenock Compstone Catherine born 1875


1898 3 E Crawford St Greenock Compston Thomas Patrick born 1898


The following names have been abstracted from the LDS IGI entries.  The list does not include those names deposited by member of the LDS.  Where families have been identified they are colour coded in individual boxes

JOHN COMPSTON Birth: 20 AUG 1856 Govan, Lanark, Scotland son of John and Mary Calderwood


ADAM COMPSTON Birth: 13 AUG 1858 Bothwell, Lanark, Scotland son of John and Mary Calderwood


JOHN COMPSTON Birth: 06 SEP 1860 Kilmarnock, Ayr, Scotland son of John and Mary Calderwood.

JOHN COMSTON  Birth: 14 DEC 1865 New Cumnock, Ayr, Scotland Son of William and Elizabeth French


ELIZABETH COMSTON  Birth: 05 APR 1868 Tarbolton, Ayr, Scotland daughter of William and Elizabeth French


MARGARET WILSON COMSTON -Birth: 15 MAY 1871 Dalziel, Lanark, Scotland daughter of William and Elizabeth French




HELEN COMPSTON Christening: 09 MAY 1823 Ballantrae, Ayr, Scotland daughter of William and Janet Beatty


ELISABETH COMPSTON Christening: 23 MAR 1827 Ballantrae, Ayr, Scotland daughter of William and Janet Beatty


JOHN COMPSTON Birth: 29 OCT 1850 son of Arthur and Margaret More


JOHN COMPSTON  Christening: 08 DEC 1850 Govan, Lanark, Scotland son of Arthur and Margaret More


JAMES COMPSTON Birth: 21 APR 1856 Hutchesontown, Glasgow, Lanark, Scotland son of Arthur and Margaret More


THOMAS COMPSTON Birth: 29 NOV 1859 Govan, Lanark, Scotland son of Arthur and Margaret Moore


MARGARET MCGREGOR COMPSTON Birth: 01 DEC 1862 Govan, Lanark, Scotland daughter of Arthur and Margaret Moore


ARTHUR COMPSTON Birth: 10 MAR 1865 Govan, Lanark, Scotland son of Arthur and Margaret Moore