Cumpston Research

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Extract from the Surman Index:

Sources:

'The great strength of the index is Surman's exhaustive searching of printed denominational sources. He noted changes in annual listings as well as abstracting details from obituaries published in the Congregational Year Books (1846-1972) and denominational periodicals, such as the Evangelical Magazine, the London Christian Instructor or Congregational Magazine, and the Christian Reformer, none of which is indexed comprehensively. He also searched denominational historical society journals, such as the Transactions of the Congregational Historical Society and the Unitarian Historical Society, as well as the many county histories of Congregationalism, such as Nightingale's Lancashire Nonconformity, Browne's Congregationalism in Norfolk and Suffolk, Miall's Congregationalism in Yorkshire, Urwick's Nonconformity in Cheshire and his later study of Hertfordshire, David's Evangelical Nonconformity in Essex, Sibree's Warwickshire, Coleman's Northamptonshire, Densham and Ogle's Dorset, and so on, many of them imperfectly indexed. Surman included modern reference works as well as more specialised works on religious dissent such as G. L. Turner's Original Records, where he noted the references to ministers in the 1669 Conventicle Returns and the application for licences under Charles II's Declaration of Indulgence (1672), Alexander Gordon's Freedom After Ejection (1917) with its biographical index, and A. G. Matthews's indispensable Calamy Revised (1934; 1988) and Walker Revised (1948; 1988).

CROMPTON Number 1821
Present at Meeting of Nottingham Classis 6 January 1657/8 (Shaw, Bury Classis i.161)
Possibly = John (qv) subseq. ejected at Arnold Notts. Might indicate earlier ejection from Brailsford Derbs than suggested in CR.

CROMPTON John Number 1827
Minister Doncaster
Buried January 1733/4
Northowram Register p 314 Miall pp 254f., as Samuel qv.

COMPTON (no first name)
Number 1236
b
Taunton & Axminster - 1797

COMPTON Number 1237

Isleham, Cambs CM.1831, 807
Predecessor there in 1826 or after

COMPTON SAMUEL Number 1238
1803-1870 See COMPSTON, S

CROMPTON Samuel Number 1833
b.

To be Completed

CROMPTON Joseph Number 1829
Melbourne Derbs (P) - 1718
Conformed. CM 1825, 670. TSJ., 655.

Samuel Compston b. Gargrave 1803 and other Congregational Ministers

'The Surman Index Online, Dr Williams's Centre for Dissenting Studies, http://surman.english.qmul.ac.uk

'Charles Surman's extraordinary biographical card index of Congregational ministers was given to Dr Williams's Library in 1960. The Surman Index Online makes the contents available electronically via the internet for the first time. The index includes the names of about 32,000 ministers, and, where known, their dates, details of their education, ministries or other employment, together with the sources used. It covers the period from the mid-seventeenth century to 1972, and though it focuses on England and Wales, it includes Congregational ministers serving abroad provided they trained or served as ministers in Britain. Although intended as an index of Congregational ministers, it also gives details of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Presbyterians. The card index has been much used by academics and by local and family historians.

It is an index of Congregational ministers. Because many congregations that had originally been Presbyterian became Congregational in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Surman also included English Presbyterian and Unitarian ministers, at least before about 1800; these Presbyterians were English not Scottish. It does not include General Baptists (Old or New Connexion), Particular Baptists, Scottish Presbyterians, or ministers of the Presbyterian Church of England (founded by Scottish Presbyterians in the nineteenth century), or Methodists, except incidentally, and in those cases largely because they had been or became Congregational ministers or served Congregational churches. Since modern religious dissent was a consequence of the ejection of about two thousand ministers and teachers from the established church between 1660 and 1662, most of the first generation of nonconformist ministers had served in the Church of England. There are later examples of dissenting ministers who conformed and of a smaller number who left the Church for dissent. These changes can be identified through the Surman Index and the Clergy of the Church of England Database at www.theclergydatabase.org.uk/. An index of obituaries in Unitarian periodicals can be found at www.unitarianobituaries.org.uk/.

Because the original purpose of the index was to create a directory of Congregational ministers, Surman was not much interested in family details - parents, siblings, spouses, or children, unless they too were Congregational ministers. Although he attempted to include the dates of births and deaths where known, he made no serious effort to obtain such details from registers or other sources. There are some laymen included in the database, either because they were educated at a dissenting academy or because they subsequently followed a lay career.'

Where the index has made familial links they are in same-colour boxes.

COMPSTON SAMUEL number 1235

Born Gargrave Yorks 11 March 1803 [GARGRAVE, a parish-town, in the east-division of Staincliffe, liberty of Clifford's-Fee; (Gargrave House, the seat of John Nicholas Coulthurst, Esq.) 4½ miles NW. of Skipton, 8 from Gisburn, 11½ from Settle, 12 from Colne, (Lanc.) 14 from Kettlewell, 45 from York. No Market. Fairs, Feb. 27, third Wednesday in June, October 13, and December 11, for horned cattle, Pop. 972. The Church is a vicarage, dedicated to St. Andrew in the deanry of Craven, value, £12. 13s. 11½d. Patron, John Marsden, Esq. ]

Elton Nr Bury Lancs 1837-38 (Now = Castleford)
Radcliffe Lancs 1838-40
City Missionary Bradford Yorks 1850-55
Settle Yorks 1855-67
R., Radcliffe

Died 1 July 1870. Death Certificate 4 Irwell Street Stand Lane Pilkington cause of death Hemigplegia for 14 months. Son John at Huddersfield 1881 census Minister.
[Deaths Sep 1870 Compston Samuel 64 Bury 8c 337]

[NOTE PILKINGTON, a township in Prestwich parish, and a sub-district in Bury district, Lancashire. The town-ship lies adjacent to the river Irwell and the East Lancashire railway, 5¼ miles N N W of Manchester; is cut into the three sections of Outwood, Unsworth, and Whitefieldor Stand; contains the hamlets of Ringley, Cinderhill, Blackford, and Hollins; is supplied with water from the Bury waterworks, and with gas from the Radcliffe and Pilkington gas-works; has a post-office of Whitefield, under Manchester; carries on industry in coal mines, several large cotton factories, bleach-works, and dye-works; and contains the churches of Ringley, Unsworth, and Stand, seven
dissenting chapels, two endowed grammar schools, and two national schools. Pop. in 1851, 12,863; in 1861, 12,303. Houses, 2,506. The manor belongs to the Earl of Derby. Outwood Park and Outwood Lodge are chief residences.
John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72) ]

CROMPTON John Number 1824

Son of Abraham of Breightmet Bolton Lancs: uncle of John (died 1705)
Bapt. Bolton 29 September 1611.
Emmanuel Camb. adm. 1629; BA 1633; MA 1636

C. of All Hallows Derby 1636 -
R. of Brailsford Derbs Sept 1645 - ejected 1660 or earlier
V. of Arnold Notts 1660? - 1662 ejected.
1665 removed to Mapperley Derbs.
Buried West Hallam, 12 January 1668/9

Father of Abraham and Samuel qqv.
DNB. CR., 145 WR 105
NOTE re Arnold:
[Arnold Parish extends from three to nearly six miles north of Nottingham, contains 4,704 inhabitants, and 4,670 acres of land, including 2,280 acres of Sherwood Forest. It was enclosed in 1789, when 700 acres were allotted to the impropriator, which was then sold to Thomas Holdsworth Esq., who is subject to the reparation of the church; and 23a 3r 37p were allotted to the Crown.
Arnold is a large and populous village, half a mile east of Mansfield Road, and four miles north of Nottingham. It is pleasantly seated upon a sand rock, and has several neat mansions. The inhabitants are principally employed in framework knitting. Arnold Grove is a beautiful residence, occupied by William Williams Esq., solicitor." White's Directory of Nottinghamshire 1853]

CROMPTON Abraham Number 1832 son of John, ejected Arnold Notts (d. 1668/9) qv brother of Samuel (qv) 1690 "Att Darby had noe need of supply (AG., 25, 247)
Died 1725 of Derby. Spoken of as lately deceased' 29 December 1727 or CR 146 s.v. father.

CROMPTON John Number 1825
son of Henry and Rebeccas of Breightmet, Lancs; nephew of John (d 1668/9) qv
Silenced 1662 as candidate for the ministry; 1672 lic. Doulton (? Bolton) Lancs
Cockey Moor, Bolton Lancs 1694-1703 (Living at Breightmet: perhaps minister Cockey Moor frm 1689?)

Died August 1703 buried Bolton 14th. AG., Cheshire Classis 166. GEE Lancs and Cheshire, 2. Nightingale iii.121; of CR 140. Index states 'Perhaps too early to = John C adm. Christ's Cam 1678/9 but cf other card. Northowram Registers pp 233. 235;

CROMPTON John number 1838 b. Manchester Academy (J Chorlton)
Walpole Suffolk 1704-1758 Died 27 December 1758 age 77 Browne 458
Index states' perhaps related to others of this name, of the Breightmet family.'

CROMPTON James Number 1823 b. 1821 (Ch. mem. Cannon Street Preston)
BLACKBURN ACADEMY 1840-43; rem. to LANCASHIRE 1843-45:
Did not enter the Ministry but became Deacon and prominent Sunday School worker at Cannon Street Preston where he followed teaching profession. Subsequently removed from Preston to Manchester, where known in scholastic circles as a Professor of English.
Died at home of his son-in-law at Cheetham Hill, 9 January 1898 age 76; buried Preston Cemetery.
B. Nightingale in Blackburn Times March 192

CROMPTON John number 1836 Trotman Fund grantee as student April 1674.
Adm. sizar Christ's Camb. 1678/9 Possibly = John (d. 1703) qv. CHST xiv.75

CROMPTON Joseph Number 1831
b.
PATON Nottingham 1933-
Wood Street Walthamstow Essex 1938-43
Joined Church of England CYB 1945, 37
Ord. dc and pr 1945 Colchester
C of St Peter Colchester Essex 1945-47
Of All SS Goodmayes Essex 1945 - 47
V of All SS Goodmayes 1947-52
R. of St Mary Mag. Colchester 1952 -
Crockford 1953/4. 265
Index comment '3rd man of these names to conform!'

Possible links with the CROMPTON family:

In the early part of the reign of James I, nearly half the population of the hamlet of Breightmet, near Bolton, Lancashire, seem to have been Cromptons. Among them was Abraham Crompton (also referred to as James). His eldest son, Henry Crompton, married 10 January 1638 Rebecca Crompton (batized 1620) daughter of John and grandaughter of Elys Crompton of the Driffield branch.

There is more information on
Jeremy James Heath-Caldwell's site http://www.jjhc.info/cromptonabraham1638.htm
email [email protected]

Abraham Crompton
of Breightmet
1580?-1638?

Born: possibly 1580 and died possibly 1638
Son of: James Crompton (1554?-1600?) and Anne

Abraham Crompton married: Alice Roscoe 20 July 1605?
Abraham and Alice had issue:
1. Henry Crompton (1607-16??) who married Rebecca Crompton.
2. John Crompton (1611-1669) and Mary?.
3. Alice Crompton (1621?-????).

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