Cumpston Research

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John Cumpstone Convict of Westmorland 1787


I have been trying to trace his history for the last 12 years and am aware of only the following people who could be him.

Bearing in mind that he was convicted in 1787, but no age was given, the following men could be in his age group:

Australian Convict Transportation Registers – Second Fleet, 1789-1790
John Cumpstone

Vessel: Neptune, Scarborough, Surprize Fleet: Second Convicted Date: 16 Aug 1787
Voyage Date: Dec 1789 Colony: New South Wales Piece: HO 11/1
Place of Conviction: Westmorland, England

Item details HO 47/6/76
HO 47 Home Office: Judges' Reports on Criminals
Record Summary
Certificate/memorial of Lord Loughborough and John Wilson concerning several convicts sentenced to death on the Northern Circuit for whom 'some favourable circumstances' appeared on/after their trial
City of York Assizes
John Cumpstone, for horse stealing. 7 years transportation.
Covering dates 1787 Aug 17

Held by The National Archives, Kew and a copy has been requested 12 October 2009

Results for: John Cumpstone, Any Event, 1747 - 1767, Westmorland, England, British Isles

 1. John Compston
Gender: Male Marriage: 19 MAY 1755 Kendal, Westmorland,
Marriages Spouse: Margaret Fisher

 2. JOHN COMPSTONE - Male Christening: 26 MAY 1756 Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland, England

Because this entry seems closest I have added all the entries for the batch number on the IGI:

1-18 of 18 results for >Name: compstone, Batch Number: C067071

Margaret Compstone
christening: 03 Mar 1754
parents: Thomas Compstone
Thomas Compstone
child: Margaret Compstone
John Compstone christening:
parents: Thomas Compstone
Thomas Compstone
child: John Compstone
George Compstone
christening: 09 Sep 1753
parents: William Compstone
William Compstone
child: George Compstone
George Compstone christening:
parents: Edward Compstone
Edward Compstone
child: George Compstone
Jane Cumpston
christening: 01 Aug 1779
parents: Mathew Cumpston,​ Jane
Mathew Cumpston
spouse: Jane
child: Jane Cumpston
Ann Cumpston
christening: 13 Nov 1836
Isabella Cumpston
Isabella Cumpston
child: Ann Cumpston
Sarah Cumpston
christening: 30 Oct 1796
parents: Richard Cumpston,​ Margaret Rennison
Richard Cumpston spouse:
Margaret Rennison child:
Sarah Cumpston
Sarah Cumpston christening:
parents: Edward Cumpston,​ Ann

Edward Cumpston spouse:
Ann child: Sarah Cumpston
Mary Cumpston
christening: 17 Apr 1791
parents: Richard Cumpston,​ Margaret Rennison
Richard Cumpston spouse:
Margaret Rennison
child: Mary Cumpston


John Cumpstone

John Cumpstone, one of 1063 convicts transported on the Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize, December 1789

Known aliases: none

Convicted at Westmoreland Assizes for a term of 7 years.
Ship name: Neptune, Scarborough and Surprize

Departure date: December, 1789 Place of arrival: New South Wales

Source: Australian Joint Copying Project. Microfilm Roll 87, Class and Piece Number HO11/1, Page Number 68
This record is one of the entries in the British convict transportation registers 1787-1867 database compiled by State Library of Queensland from British Home Office (HO) records which are available on microfilm as part of the Australian Joint Copying Project.

New South Wales, Australia, Convict Indents, 1788-1842

Name: John Cumpstone Date of Conviction: 16 Aug 1787
Place of Conviction: Appleby in Westmorland
Vessel: Neptune
Date of Arrival: Jun 1790
Source Citation: State Archives NSW; Series: NRS 1150; Title: Indents First Fleet, Second Fleet and ships; Item: [SZ115]; Microfiche: 621.

Australia's Second Fleet
From Barbara Turner, 1992.1

A second fleet of six ships left England - Guardian, Justinian, Lady Juliana, Surprize, Neptune, Scarborough. The Guardian struck ice, and was unable to complete the voyage. She was stocked with provisions. Only 48 people died in the first group of ships, but this time 278 died during the voyage. This time transporting the convicts was in the hands of private contractors.
From the "SYDNEY COVE CHRONICLE", 30th June, 1790
At last the transports are here
278 died on the fearsome journey to Sydney Cove
-----" The landing of those who remained alive despite their misuse upon the recent voyage, could not fail to horrify those who watched.
  As they came on shore, these wretched people were hardly able to move hand or foot. Such as could not carry themselves upon their legs, crawled upon all fours. Those, who, through their afflictions, were not able to move, were thrown over the side of the ships; as sacks of flour would be thrown, into the small boats.
  Some expired in the boats; others as they reached the shore. Some fainted and were carried by those who fared better. More had not the opportunity even to leave their ocean prisons for as they came upon the decks, the fresh air only hastened their demise.
  A sight most outrageous to our eyes were the marks of leg irons upon the convicts, some so deep that one could nigh on see the bones. ----
----- We learn that several children have been borne to women upon the Lady Juliana, the cause for which were the crews aboard African slave ships which met up with the transport at Santa Cruz.--- "
------" So the Guardian is lost and with it our provisions. What, in the name of Heaven, is to become of us ? ----- "
 Hereunder our Readers will find the names of convicts who were to have sailed, or did sail, in the transports Neptune, Surprize, Scarborough and Lady Juliana.
  The information was compiled by our Correspondent in London and is complete in so far as it lists all the convicts who were recently landed upon our shores. It also, howso ever, gives the names of convicts who, for various reasons of death &c., did not travel with the Fleet to New South Wales. Unhappily, we find ourselves at this time unable to indicate who sailed and who did not.
  We look to our Readers for their indulgence to involuntary errors, though will find no omissions, and trust general attention will secure us from trespassing on their kindness too often.

CUMPSTONE, John, Warwick - - - - - - - - - 7


This article is extracted from the file CONVICTS.ZIP, which was authored by a Barbara Turner in 1992 and which is available on many genealogical bulletin boards (BBSs) world-wide.

The Sydney Cove Chronicle of 30 June 1790 is a fictitious newspaper which appeared as a four-page "composite newspaper" in the Sydney Daily Mirror on Monday 3 March 1969 . In the article which announced the publication, the Mirror stated that the newspaper, one of a series of two covering the Second and Third Fleets, was "written and compiled by Cirrel Greet, in the style of that time with the assistance of the Public Library of NSW and particularly its Archives Department" (now State Records (NSW)).

 3. JOHN CUMPSTON - Male Christening: 27 MAY 1757 Brough Under Stainmore, Westmorland,
 Father Thomas CUMPSTON

 4. JHN CUMPSTON - Male Christening: 31 JAN 1762 Kendal, Westmorland, England
Father: JHN CUMPSTON Mother: MGT.

Gender: Male Marriage: 29 JUL 1765 Brough Under Stainmore, Westmorland, Spouse: ELIZABETH BELL Family
Gender: Male Christening: 27 APR 1766 Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland, England Father: JOHN COMPSTON

The Second Fleet
The Convict Transport Neptune - 1790

The Neptune was one of the three ships that made up the second fleet. She embarked her convicts in December 1789 and sailed from England on 19 January 1790. Charles Bateson claims that the Neptune carried 436 male convicts & 78 female convicts (a total of 514). She relanded three convicts prior to leaving English waters. One Hundred and Fifty-Eight convicts died on the Neptune during the voyage to Port Jackson (147 male & 11 female).

The three ships of the Second Fleet arrived at the Cape of Good Hope, in company, on 13 April 1790 following a passage of just 84 days from Portsmouth. The Neptune embarked an additional twelve convicts at the Cape of Good Hope (survivors of the Guardian ship wreck). On June 28 1790 the Neptune made landfall at Port Jackson, 158 days after leaving England.
Cumpstone, John Convict Horse Stealing Appleby, Westmoreland Assizes 16 August 1787 7 years

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