Cumpston Research

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Watson Cumpston death cert Trinity House Hull lloyds ship Voilier withernsea pier

John Cumpston slave age 4 b 1828 Jamaica

 

I have NO details of  John and his family tree but would welcome any information.

However, I do have an interesting item about a John CUMPSTON sent from Brough in Westmorland UK to Jamaica - albeit 30 years before this John was born!

 

Mulatto age 4 Creole Son of Hetty Thompson

 

Parish of St Mary, Trinity Estate in the possession of the Hon William Miller as attorney to Charles Nathaniel Bayly Esquire.

 

28th June 1832

 

Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834 Record for John Cumpston

 

Source Citation: Class: T71; Piece: 42; . Source Information:

 

Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834  Office of Registry of Colonial Slaves and Slave Compensation Commission: Records; (The National Archives Microfilm Publication T71); Records created and inherited by HM Treasury; The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.

 

Description:

This database contains slave registers from former British colonial dependencies, many of them in the Caribbean, for various years in between 1812 and 1834. Information available on these records includes: name of owner, parish of residence, name, gender, age, and nationality of slave.

About Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834

 

In 1807 The Abolition of Slave Trade Act came into force. The act made the trade in slaves from Africa to the British colonies illegal. To combat illicit transportation following this act many of the British Colonies began keeping registers of black slaves who had been so-called “lawfully enslaved”. In 1819 the Office for the Registry of Colonial Slaves was established in London and copies of the slave registers kept by the colonies were sent to this office. Registration generally occurred once every three years. The registers continue through to 1834 when slavery was officially abolished.

 

This database contains the slave registers for the following colonies and years:

•Antigua (1817-1818, 1821, 1824, 1828, 1832)

 

 •Bahamas (1822, 1825, 1828, 1831, 1834)

 

 •Barbados (1817, 1820, 1823, 1826, 1829, 1832, 1834)

 

 •Berbice (1818-1819, 1822)

 

 •Dominica (1817, 1820, 1823)

 

 •Grenada (1817-1834)

 

 •Honduras (1834)

 

 •Jamaica (1817, 1820, 1823, 1826, 1829, 1832, 1834)

 

 •Mauritius (1817, 1819, 1822, 1826, 1830, 1832, 1835)

•Nevis (1817, 1822, 1825, 1828, 1831)

 

 •Sri Lanka (Ceylon) (1818-1832)

 

 •St Christopher (1817, 1822, 1825, 1827-1828, 1831, 1834)

 

•St Lucia (1815, 1819)

 

 •St Vincent (1817, 1822, 1825, 1828, 1831, 1834)

 

 •Tobago (1819-1834)

 

 •Trinidad (1813, 1815-1816, 1819, 1822, 1825, 1828, 1831, 1834)

 

 •Virgin Islands (1818, 1822, 1825, 1828, 1831, 1834)

 

 

The following colonies are not included in this collection but can be viewed in paper form at The National Archives:

 •Jamaica (pieces 193, 206-208)

 

 •St Christopher (pieces 261-263)

 

•Grenada (piece 264, 266)

 

•Dominica (pieces 359-363)

 

•Nevis (piece 369)

 

 •St Lucia (pieces 382-390)

 

•Demerara (pieces 391-436)

 

•Berbice (pieces 441-446)

 

•Montserrat (pieces 447-451)

 

•Bermuda (pieces 452-455)

 

•St Vincent (pieces 494, 496)

 

•Mauritius (piece 566, 571)

 

•Cape of Good Hope (pieces 652-662)

 

 

Information available on these records includes:

 •Name of owner

 

 •Place of residence (usually name of parish)

 

 •Name of slave (usually only a given name. If the slave had been baptized this may include the slave name and the Christian name)

 

 •Gender of slave

 

 •Age of slave

 

 •Nationality of slave

PLEASE CAN YOU HELP ME TRACE MORE ABOUT JOHN CUMPSTON?

WAS THIS JOHN'S MOTHER?

 

Name: Hetty Thompson Estimated Birth Year: abt 1781 Age: 48 Nationality: African (Black)

 

Gender: Female Parish: St Mary F-L Colonial Dependency: Jamaica Owner Name: Moss Lynch

 

Record Date: 1829  Source Citation: Class: T71; Piece: 38; .

The Slave owner:

 

Charles Nathaniel Bayly 

Record Type: Burial

Burial Date: 24 Dec 1853

Age: 78 Estimated Birth Year:

abt 1775

 

Parish or Poor Law Union: Hampton St Mary Borough: Richmond upon Thames

 

His full history can be read on the RBS website

A summary says:

Nathaniel Bayly (1726-98), West Indian plantation owner

 

Nathaniel Bayly (1726-98), although born in England, belonged to a family of colonial plantation owners in Jamaica, West Indies, and spent his youth and early adulthood on the island. He returned to England in 1759, married Elizabeth Ingram in 1767 and (after her death) Sophia Magdalena Lamack in 1773, by whom he had six legitimate children, Charles Nathaniel (who married Lady Sarah Villiers, daughter of 4th Earl of Jersey), Charlotte, Diana, Sophia, Wentworth, and Anna. He also fathered two illegitimate children, Nathaniel Bayly Williams (who became his estate manager in Jamaica) and Eliza Street.

 

Bayly was active in the often turbulent politics of the Jamaican Assembly in the 1750s, and after his return to England, he was MP for Abingdon (1770-4) and for Westbury (1774-9), speaking often in the Commons on the detrimental effect of the Government’s American policy on the West Indies. Upon the death of his elder brother Zachary in 1769, Bayly inherited four Jamaican estates (Trinity, Tryall, Brimmer Hall and Bayly’s Vale), and he managed these from Britain until 1779 when ‘affairs of consequence’ compelled him to resign his Parliamentary seat and return to Jamaica. These affairs included a long and acrimonious dispute over the administration of Zachary Bayly’s will with another beneficiary of it, Bryan Edwards (1743-1800), nephew to both Zachary and Nathaniel.

 

Nathaniel Bayly died in Jamaica in October 1798, shortly after the marriage of his daughter Charlotte to Job Matthew Raikes (1767-1833), partner in Raikes & Co, London, bankers. Raikes, who was also related to Isaac Currie, senior partner in Curries & Co, bankers of London, became executor of Bayly’s will, along with Wentworth Bayly, David Shaw and Nathaniel Bayly Williams, and also trustee of his estate with Nathaniel Barton (Nathaniel Bayly’s nephew).

 

 

The Book 'The laws of Jamaica: comprehending all the acts in force, passed ...,' Volume 6 has many entries for Charles Nathaniel BAYLY.  You can read it free on google books.

 

 By Jamaica, Francis Hanson, William Wood (of Jamaica.), Bryan Edwards, Jamaica. Commissioners to Compile, Print, and Publish the Several Public Acts of Assembly

 

A picturesque tour of the island of Jamaica also gives the history of the family showing Zachary BAYLY Esq. as Charles Nathaniel's uncle

 

His son:

Charles George Villers Bayly

Baptism Date: 22 Oct 1811

Parish: St Marylebone

County: Middlesex

Borough: Westminster

 

Parent(s):

Charles Nathaniel Bayly,

Sarah Bayly

 

Charles Nathaniel Bayly married Lady Sarah Villiers, daughter of George Bussy Villiers, 4th Earl of the Island of Jersey and Frances Twysden

SLAVES AND SLAVERY IN JAMAICA.  

 

I recommend that you visit the Jamaican family history website which has a large amount of information and personal data.

 

Under the command of Penn and Venables the English captured Jamaica from the Spanish in 1655.  In 1662 there were about 400 Negro slaves on the island.  As the cultivation of sugar cane was introduced, the number of slaves grew to 9,504 by 1673.  The landowners acquired more slaves to do the work on the estates, and in 1734 there were 86,546 slaves.  In 1775 there were 192,787.  The 19th century Almanacs on this site show the numbers of slaves on each property, until slavery was finally abolished.

 

In the meantime, there were movements in England pushing for the abolition of slavery.  In 1807 the African slave trade was abolished by Parliament, effective January 1, 1808.  Theoretically this meant that no more slaves could be brought from Africa to the colonies in the British West Indies, but slaves could be transported from one colony to the other.

 

Recognizing that the law was not being adhered to, the House of Commons in England passed a bill in 1815 requiring the registration of slaves.  It became effective when it was adopted by the colonial legislatures.  In 1816 an act was passed for a more particular return of slaves with more information, effective in June 1817, to keep a stricter check on any movement of the slaves.  Returns were made until 1834.

 

In 1823 the British government pledged to adopt measures for the abolition of slavery in the colonies.  In the ensuing years there was a considerable exchange of letters on the subject between Britain and the colonies, particularly the legislatures and planters.  The slaves by this time were agitated about their status, as the slave trade had already been abolished.  In 1824 there was a slave insurrection in Hanover, followed in 1831 by a more widespread insurrection in the county of Cornwall.  In June 1833 the governor wrote a Proclamation to the slaves to clarify their status.  By December 1833 there was a Bill for the abolition of slavery, and it became effective on August 1, 1834.  At that time all slaves became apprentices.  They remained working for the same slave masters.  The system was a failure, and that too was abolished.  Slaves received their unrestricted freedom on August 1, 1838.

 

Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies – John CUMPSTON

 

CAN ANYONE HELP ME IDENTIFY THIS YOUNG BOY?

 

John Cumpston Estimated Birth Year: abt 1828 Age: 4 Nationality: Creole Gender: Male Parish: St Mary (2) Colonial Dependency: Jamaica Owner Name: Charles Nathaniel Bayly Esquire Record Date: 1832

 

Source Citation: Class: T71; Piece: 42; . Source Information: Ancestry.com. Slave Registers of former British Colonial Dependencies, 1812-1834 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA:

 

Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. Original data: Office of Registry of Colonial Slaves and Slave Compensation Commission: Records; (The National Archives Microfilm Publication T71); Records created and inherited by HM Treasury; The NationalArchives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.

 

Description: This database contains slave registers from former British colonial dependencies, many of them in the Caribbean, for various years in between 1812 and 1834.